James Dergavel “J.D.” Irving (1860-1933) left his native Scotland for New Brunswick, Canada, where he founded a timber enterprise that eventually included a sawmill, a gristmill, and a carding mill, along with several farms. His son K.C. acquired substantial landholdings in New Brunswick, as well as in neighboring Maine, where the family eventually became the Pine Tree State’s largest landowners. As forest stewards who have planted more than 1 billion trees to date, the J.D. IRVING COMPANY harnesses the latest science and technology, including GPS and lidar, to further sustainability efforts. In 2021, the company made a $21 million investment in silviculture that included a new seedling facility, which can hold up to 3 million seedlings. The Irvings operate their timberlands on 60-year rotations while harvesting less than 1.7 percent of their forested area each year.